Mr. Raúl Rivera Méndez, the Industrial Cibersecurity Center Coordinator in Costa Rica (CCI Coordinators Team), helps us to get in context of the state of the industrial cybersecurity in his country, and to do so, he shares with us his impressions.
He describes the level of sensitivity of industrial organizations in his country according to the following percentages:
He also affirms that the trend of recent years has been a slight increase.
Costa Rica counts with local and national public bodies promoting an adequate legal framework, in order to ensure the progressive incorporation of industrial cybersecurity measures in national presence companies (mainly critical infrastructure). The main organizations are:
- MICITT ICE (Energy - Comunications)
- RECOPE ACUADUCTOS Y ALCANTARILLADOS
- CAJA COSTARRICENSE DE SEGURO SOCIAL
Among the main national laws and regulations affecting in this context in Costa Rica, Raul mentions:
- Law 9048 Section VIII, Computer and Related Offenses, Title VII of the Criminal Code
Analysing the most widely adopted industrial cybersecurity measures by Costa Rica's organizations to protect industrial automation systems, Raúl highlights the application of:
- Internal security audits
- External security audits
- Network design and architectures
- Development of continuity and / or contingency plans
- Conventional firewalls
- Industrial applications control
The CCI Coordinator in Costa Rica characterizes the industrial cybersecurity situation in his country with the following SWOT analysis:
- Lack of operational technologies certifications, processes and professionals
- Lack of specific industry cybersecurity legislation
- Lack of events and forums on industrial cybersecurity Lack of a solutions and services catalogue of industrial cybersecurity
- Lack of specific CERTs Other (please specify)
- Public organizations driven force (industry, national issues and defence).
- Awareness, especially regarding industrial critical infrastructures
- Frequent events and forums on industrial cybersecurity
- Increase of Industrial cyber security trained professionals
- High development of industrial applications without cybersecurity requirements
- Shortage of local industrial cybersecurity professionals working for manufacturers
- Shortage of specific industrial cybersecurity risk management tools
- Increased of cibersecurity demand for Industry 4.0 and the Internet of things.
- Advantage with the lessons learned from smart grid cibersecurity.
- Strategic position in the industrial cyber security sector Other (specify)